AEJSA Volume 15, Number 3: July-September, 2021


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The Action of Nutrients Deficiency on Growth Biometrics, Physiological Traits, Production Indicators, and Disease Development in Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Plant: A review

Mohunnad Massimi and Laszlo Radocz

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Environmental factors affecting horticultural crops in quantity and quality. These factors are intertwined in influence in terms of cause and effect and what may lead to it. The environmental factors related to drought and salinity are very prominent and are of interest to researchers, especially academics. However, lack of nutrients is a significant factor at present. The lack of nutrients is affected by soil moisture, salinity, soil temperature, and air temperature surrounding the plant, and it may lead to the development of pathological factors so that the plant becomes vulnerable to immunodeficiency, insect, fungal, bacterial, and weed infections, as well as viruses. This review hypothesizes a link between environmental pressures on pepper and paprika plants, such as nutrient deficiency and drought, and the establishment of various pests, particularly fungal infections. OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to go over some of the past research on the impact of nutrient deprivation on pepper plant growth, yield, physiology, and disease development, the study also recommends using modern technology to schedule fertilization, irrigation, and following foliar fertilization as one of the methods of integrated pest control and one of the measures to reduce the impact of abiotic stresses on pepper. RESULTS: According to the article, calcium insufficiency is linked to the emergence of blossom end rot disease. In contrast, potassium deficit under dry conditions can contribute to the fungal disease gray leaf spot. CONCLUSIONS: One of the variables that cause environmental stress on pepper plants is a shortage of nutrients. According to the researchers, foliar nutrition is one of the most critical current ways for managing pests, nourishing plants, and enhancing their health and productivity.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-19 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2021.15.3.1

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