AEJSA Volume 14, Number 1: January-April, 2020


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Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture: A Case of Hungary

Ola Al Jaafreh, Imre Nagy

ABSTRACT Sustainable agriculture plays a vital role in the economies of both under-developed and developed countries. This role is more vital for agricultural countries. The first task is to achieve a state of food security for all the population through sustainable agriculture. Sustainable agriculture includes the investment of available natural resources, the employment of all potential opportunities for the rural population, and agricultural raw materials to increase agricultural exports in order to reduce the balance of payments deficit. The purpose of the study is to examine the relationship between selected variables that shared between sustainable agriculture by its indicators and food security by its determinants in Hungary in the long term, the descriptive analysis. This study was based on data collection and information that helps to accurately describe the problem and analyze it, will be used to deliver accurate results. The historical approach will be used to identify and analyze the reasons for the relationships among the variables, as well as the study of their direction and growth; the collected data was subjected for analysis by using Gretl program (version, 2017). Results were summarised cointegration relations to examine the relationship between the variables, using VAR model, the study analyzed the dynamic relationship between Macroeconomic variables which have been chosen to be the link between sustainable agriculture and food security by the selection of some indicators of sustainable agriculture (Emission gas Greenhouse, Fertilizers consumption, Organic Farming, Agriculture Area).

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-13 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2020.14.1.1

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Differential analysis of five quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa W.) genotypes under different salt stresses in a controlled environment

Asad Sarwar Qureshi, Ashenafi Worku Daba

ABSTRACT Soil salinization is a global problem which restricts the choice of crops for cultivation. Management and reclamation of saline soils using costly and time-consuming methods such as the installation of drainage systems are beyond the reach of poor farmers. Therefore, it is crucial to look for alternate crops which are more salt-tolerant. One such crop is quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa W.), which has high nutritious value and capacity to grow in marginal conditions. As crops vary in their tolerance to salinity, they need to be evaluated for different salinity conditions. This study was conducted to evaluate five quinoa genotypes (ICBA-Q1, ICBA-Q2), ICBA-Q3, ICBA-Q4 and ICBA-Q5) for their salinity tolerance under four artificially induced salinity (5, 10, 15, 20 dS m-1) levels. The parameters studied were the rate of seed germination, plant height, dry biomass, nutritional content and grain yield. The results indicate that salinity had an inhibitory effect on all parameters. Out of 5 quinoa genotypes, ICBA-Q3 and ICBA-Q4 proved more salt-tolerant under saline conditions concerning dry biomass and grain yield and nutritional contents. Therefore these two genotypes are recommended to farmers for large-scale adaptation in the salt-affected areas of Ethiopia.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 14-21 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2020.14.1.2

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