AEJSA Volume 12, Number 1: Jan-Feb, 2018


Technology Adoption of Complete Feed by Cattle Cow Breeder

Tanri Giling Rasyid, Amrullah T, Sofyan Nurdin Kasim, Ikrar Moh. Saleh, St. Rohani

ABSTRACT: Field issue showed that the average of cattle cow breeder cultivate their cattle by shepherded them it is because of their knowledge about fermented feed or complete feed still low. This low knowledge impact with the amount of cultivates cattle which are between 3 cows to 5 cows, and making raising cattle just as a side job. Then food crops agriculture as their main business. With this low knowledge about feed so that this research directed and aimed to review technology adoption complete feed by cattle cow breeder which is conducted with learning by doing training in September 2018. For the purpose of this research so the data and fact gathering from 25 cattle cow breeder that chosen with purposive sampling and it was held at Gowa Regency, South Sulawesi Province. The writer collected the data by giving questionnaire at the beginning and at the end of research, and then the first data and the last data being compared to each other to know the knowledge that they have. This approach in methodology is called pre-test and posttest. The result of the research shows that from 25 cattle cow breeder whose join the training there is a change in their knowledge which is, in the beginning, they still did not know fermented feed or complete feed and in the last training showed their knowledge is increasing or from not knowing to become knowledgeable also with this treatment made the cow breeder become interested because from cow favor toward fermented feed or complete if compared to shepherded, if reviewing from profit the daily weight of cow that reach with shepherded way only 0,15 kg/cow/day, then by using complete feed can reach 0,35 kg/cow/day. And positive correlated with financial profit which is for 4 months fattening with complete feed per cow cattle can give profit as much as IDR. 3.090.000,- than with using feed shepherded way can get IDR 1.440.000,- with market price regulation for beef at that time of research is IDR. 80.000,- per kilogram. Technology adoption fermented feed or complete feed that given as learning by doing to the breeder gives the attitude change to the cow cattle breeder knowledge from using field from as shepherded to used fermented feed or complete feed because it gives more benefit for the daily weight gain and the duration of cow cattle fattening is really in just in a short time and also it give profit financially.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-4 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.1.1


Study Potency Investment Mining Sand In North Luwu Regency

Indrianty Sudirman, Mursalim Nohong, Muhammad Darwis, Muhammad Erik Kurniawan, Wahyu Hidayat, Bambang Irawan, Rahmawati.

ABSTRACT: The sand mining study discusses the economic potential of the mine point, the impact of social damage on the community, and the policy on the implementation of sand mining investment by regional company/regional owned enterprises. The study was conducted in North Luwu Regency South Sulawesi Province from April to July 2017. Data analysis used benefit cost analysis, Analytical Hierarcy Process (AHP), and SWOT analysis. The assessment results show that North Luwu Regency has 149 potential sand mining points in 11 rivers where the river with the largest sand mining potential is Rongkong River and Baliase River. Management scenario most feasible to be managed by regional company/regional owned enterprises is by land rent system because the result of B/C Ratio analysis gives the highest indicator value.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 5-9 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.1.2


Comparative nutritional studies of sheep and goats fed cultivated tree legumes mixture under desert condition

Helal H. G., Nassar M. S., Badawy H. S., Eid E.Y and El Shaer H. M.

ABSTRACT: This research was performed to compare the nutritional studies of Barki sheep and doe Shami goats fed on mixture of forage tree legumes and its effects on feed intake, nutrient digestibility, nutritive value, nitrogen utilization, body weight change, some parameters of rumen and blood. Our study was carried out at South Sinai Research Station (Ras Suder), South Sinai Governorate, Egypt. Thirty-six pregnant Barki sheep and Shami goats were randomly allocated into two equal groups (18 animals each specie). The first group (G1) of each species fed alfalfa with concentrate diet and served as control. The second group (G2) fed ad libtum sun-dried chopped mixture contained 50% Acacia saligna, 25% Prosopis juliflora and 25% Leucaena leucocephala with concentrate diet. Results indicated that overall roughage and total DM intake (g/Kg W 0.75/d) were similar between both species but animals fed G2 showed lower (P<0.05) in roughage and total DM intake than those fed G1. The results also showed that goats had higher (P<0.05) overall dry matter (DM), crud protein (CP) and crud fiber (CF) digestibility than sheep but overall nitrogen intake (NI) was similar between both species and was higher (P<0.05) for animals fed G1 vs. those fed G2. Also, nitrogen balance was similar between both species and was insignificant higher for those fed G1 vs. G2. Goats had higher (P<0.05) overall ammonia NH3-N than sheep but sheep had higher (P<0.05) overall ruminal TVFA´s than goats as well as animals fed G2 showed lower (P<0.05) NH3-N and TVFA´s than those fed G1. Values of body weight change (kg) and relative body weight (%) of end pregnancy were insignificant between both species and feeding treatments. Sheep had slightly insignificant lower concentrations of overall total protein and globulin than goats and was also slightly insignificant higher concentrations of overall urea and creatinine than goats while goats recorded insignificant higher values of overall AST and ALT than sheep. It was concluded feed utilization of tree legumes mixture as animal feeds in saline affected and soils could be an appropriate option for alleviating the desertification difficulties and provide alternatives as good feed resources especially in droughts when the other traditional food resources are shortage.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 10-21 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.1.3


Ethnobotanical Study of Munshiganj in Shyamnagar Upazilla, Satkhira, Bangladesh

Tama Ray and Kingson Mondal

ABSTRACT Background: Bangladesh is very rich in floral diversification having almost 5000 species; but the thing is that the existence of floral community is now at stake due to diminishing knowledge of the local people about the uses and importance of plant species as the societies are going through a changing lifestyle; as a result, they are showing harsh behavior to the plant population to fulfill their satisfaction. Objective: In our study, we tried to document the species’ availability, composition and diversity of the study area as well as the ethnobotanical knowledge of the people residing there about the uses of plant species in order to transfer that knowledge from generation to generation for helping in the long-term plant species conservation. Results: 44 species under 27 families were cited by the interviewee and 25 species out of 44 have food value which is the highest use value of all categories (Food, Construction, Medicine, Fuelwood and Other). To understand the diversity and significance of the species in that area, ‘Use Value’ and ‘Fidelity Level’ were calculated where the ‘Use Value’ ranges from 0.01 to 0.5 and ‘Fidelity Level’ is from 50% to 100%.Conclusion: Diversity, composition and significance of plant species of Munshiganj area have been identified through the analysis of empirical methods ‘Use value’ and ‘Fidelity level’ as well as documentation of ethnobotanical knowledge of the local people about the versatile uses of plant species has been prepared. The result will provide us a scenario of the interaction of the local people with plant species and the traditional ethnobotanical knowledge will help to retain their surrounding green environment.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 22-29 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.1.4


Evaluation of quality and storability of “Sewy” date palm cv. in different Production areas in Egypt

Tarek M. El-Kafrawy, Ghazzawy H.S., Nahed Ahmed and Dalia M. Hikal

ABSTRACT This study was carried out during two successive seasons on semi dry date palm fruits “Sewy” cv. which cultivated in different production areas located in Arab Republic of Egypt like New Valley, El-Wahat Bahria and Oasis of Siwa in order to evaluate fruit quality properties through some sensory properties such as taste, shape and degree of Tamr stag & homogeneity of ripening and physical properties i.e. weight fruit, fruit length and diameter, shape of the fruit, the weight of the seed and flesh weight%, seed weight%, the thickness flesh and dry weight (g), Humidity(g) and Humidity(%) and the chemical properties such as total soluble solids%, total acidity%, Tannins% and as well as evaluate the behavior of the fruits during cold storage of all studied area by determined physical properties i.e. decay%, weight loss%, fruit texture and chemical properties such as a total soluble solids (T.S.S%), total acidity and the percentage of tannins through the various storage period which lasted 420 days where the storage temperature 5ᵒc ± 2 with a humidity of 85% for different periods and executed the experiment due to poor cold storability of the fruits of El-Wahat Bahria area for the emergence of sugary spots on the fruit which reduces the quality of marketing. The study showed that there is a clear difference in the quality of through physical properties, chemical, and storability traits under study, for the first experiment the quality attributes recorded for El-Wahat Bahria increased of fruit weight, flesh weight, fruit length and dimension, flesh thickness and flesh weight% While, the fruits of the New Valley location recorded the lowest seed% and the highest fruit shape, fruit texture, total soluble solids (T.S.S%) and lower in acidity % Siwa area recorded lower seed weight and the percentage of tannin. Date of Second experiment showed that New Valley is best areas for good storability of list where recorded the lowest decay%, weight loss% and the highest fruit texture and T.S.S%. Also, it characterized by good taste, good appearance and color of the fruits of the accepted.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 30-39 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.1.5


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