AEJSA Volume 12, Number 2: April-June, 2018


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The Allocation time of Women to Livestock Business in Takalar Regency of South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Siti Nurlaelah, St. Rohani, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin

ABSTRACT: This research aimed to identifying and analyzing the role of women in improving the livestock business in Massamaturu Village, Polong Bangkeng Utara District, Takalar Regency, and South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The type of research used is quantitative descriptive in analyzing the data obtained through interviews and observations that began on March and completed by April 2018. The collected data from primary and secondary data. Analysis data was descriptive statistic. The result inferred that the domestic role played by female farmers spend a total of 5 hours per day. The productive role in livestock farming by a women takes around 3.83 hours per day. The total amount of domestic work time and productive of livestock women consumes a total time of 8.83 hours per day. This shows that the role of women is very important in improving the livestock business.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-4 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.2.1

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Sustainable Agricultural Practices in Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation: The Case of India

I. Sundar

ABSTRACT: Adaptation and mitigation in the agriculture sector aim at addressing the negative impacts of climate change and making use of the opportunities that often come with a changing climate. The overall aim of adaptation and mitigation in agriculture is to reduce farmers’ vulnerability and improve their adaptive capacity. This paper deals with sustainable agricultural practices in climate change adaptation and mitigation. It outlines the climate change impacts scenario in Indian agriculture, and need for sustainable agriculture in developing climate change adaptation practices and policy options. This paper makes a special note on sustainable climate change mitigation options in agriculture and sustainable climate change coping mechanism. This paper concludes with some interesting findings along with policy suggestions.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 5-10 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.2.2

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Evaluation of Pb Metal in Organic Waste and Cattle Grazed in Tamangapa Landfill, Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Rahmawati, Ambo Ako, Jamila, Purnama Isti Khaerani, Sema, Syamsuddin Hasan

ABSTRACT: In Tamangapa landfill, the cattle consume organic waste as the feed which is susceptible to be contaminated by Pb metal. When the feed is consumed, Pb metal accumulated in the body cattle, it can be endanger the health of the cattle even the people who consume the meat. This study was aimed to measure and examine the content of Pb metal in the cattle which grazed inside and outside the landfill. This study materials included organic feed, leachate water, blood and feces from five cattle that grazed inside and outside the landfill, as samples. Pb metal testing to the samples was performed by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric (SSA) method. The results of analyses described as follows: (a) in the waste feed was found the Pb metal contents are 0.99ppm and 0.16ppm inside and outside the landfill, respectively. (b) in blood cattle were 2.75 ppm and 1.98 ppm for grazing inside and outside the landfill, respectively. It should be notable that in both places, the Pb metal content in the blood cattle exceed the standard value 0.1 ppm. (c) In.feces cattle was 2.014 ppm and 1.27 ppm for the cattle that grazed inside and outside the landfill, respectively. the was no difference of the Pb metal level in the blood cattle, however, the difference of the average of Pb metal content in beef feces cattle has been found. Thus, it is concluded that the organic waste in the Tamangapa landfill is feasible as cattle feed but leachate water which as a source of drinking water is not feasible to consume by the cattle. Pb metal contenton blood cattlegrazed inside and outside the landfill is differ respectively, However, the Pb contenton feces cattle in inside the landfill is higher than outside the landfill.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 11-16 ] DOI: 10.22587/aejsa.2018.12.2.3

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