AEB Volume 17, Number 5: September- October, 2023

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The Effect of Camel Products Against Microbial Infections: A Systematic Review Literature

Raniya Sami Bakhsh , Safaa A Turkistani , Shatha G. Felemban , Ahmed M.M. Al-Hejin

Abstract:Background:Camel products have been used for the treatment of many diseases as it is a common medical-traditional practice in the Middle East, especially in Saudi Arabia. This traditional medical belief has formed the basis of the early medications followed by approved pharmacological and chemical studies there is some significant scientific evidence show the benefits of camel products as a treatment. Objectives: This review aims to highlight significant findings on camel product use as camel products use as antibiotics against microbial infections such as Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Material and methods: Published Literature and studies were used in this systematic review from many databases including Science Direct, Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar. Camel, Urine, and Natural products were keywords used to search in these databases. Results: Prophet Medicine fraction (PMF; dried alcoholic urine of camel), camel urine, and fermented camel milk had no significant effect on Staph. Aureus and E.coli the sig P-value was 0.020 for fermented camel milk and 0.494 for camel urine. Camel whey and camel yogurt showed statistical significance effective on MBC (Minimum Bactericidal Concentrations), the sig P-value was 1 for camel whey and yogurt. Their results were compared with the Ampicillin antibiotic. Conclusions: The findings of this study contribute to our understanding of the therapeutic use of camel products as a medicinal practice in the Middle East region. This review provides a basis for further research in this area. Further studies could assess the effects of camel products with advanced techniques and address the questions raised by this review.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-8 ] DOI:10.22587/aeb.2023.17.5.1

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Prevention and Management of Jembrana Disease in Beef Cattle in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia


Ilham Rasyid , Ilham Syarif , Nurul Rafidah Ashar

Abstract: Jembrana Disease (JD) is a nationally prioritized disease caused by lentiviral infection in Bali cattle. Jembrana disease is an infectious disease in Bali cattle cause by a member of lentivirus called jembrana disease virus (JDV). It causes an acute and severe disease syndrome with short incubation period. The government recommends vaccination as a crucial control measure in endemic areas. This study aimed to determine the prevention and handling of Jembrana disease in beef cattle in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi Province. Research was carried out from July to August 2023.The method used in the research was learning by doing (working directly), observing activities which include socializing the prevention and handling of livestock diseases and livestock health services. The results showed the prevention of Jembrana disease, namely vaccination activities are one of the effective steps taken by the government in eradicating and controlling the spread of Jembrana disease.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 9-12] DOI:10.22587/aeb.2023.17.5.2

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