AEB Volume 12, Number 9: September, 2018

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The Protective and Therapeutic effect of Antioxidants in the Blueberry Plant on the Liver of Rats Treated with Nicotine

Mahasen Falatah, Hayat Ismail and Haleema Al Nahari

Abstract: Nicotine is a highly toxic organic substance that is responsible for the harmful effects of smoking on health. It causes oxidative stress to contain many harmful free radicals that have negative effects that lead to changes in the function and composition of cells and damage them and are responsible for the harmful effects of smoking on Liver because it is the main site of the metabolism resulting in many negative physiological effects and blueberry plant contains a large number of important natural antioxidants with health benefits, which have the ability to remove free radicals such as polyphenols, which is the strongest Such as polyphenols, which is one of the strongest antioxidants, which is characterized by its ability to protect the components of the cell from the damage of oxidative stress and the prevention of dangerous diseases on human health, such as liver diseases, heart and blood vessels and osteoporosis and diabetes. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the protective and therapeutic effect of antioxidants in the blueberry plant against nicotine damage on liver function and some biochemical measurements with the study of histological changes of the liver. The results showed a significant increase in ALT, LDH level in the nicotine treatment group and a significant decrease in ALT, AST, and LDH enzymes level in the therapeutic and preventive groups. It also showed a breakdown and damage in hepatocytesresult in nicotine treatment and showed improvement result to treatment with plant extract Blueberries.The results of the current study indicated that antioxidants in blueberry extract have protective and therapeutic effects on the liver, which is affected by oxidative stress due to nicotine treatment. Therefore, it is recommended to be used as a herbal medicine to treat liver diseases caused by oxidative stress.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-7 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.9.1

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Sustainability Strategy for Profit Sharing Systems for Beef Cattle Farmers with Institutions in Terms of Economic Aspects

A.R. Siregar, S.N. Sirajuddin, V.S. Lestari and N. Fitrianti

Abstract: The presence of MBC with the results of the system activities carried out with farmers in Barru district is expected to be a solution for farmers in increasing their income as well as efforts to improve the quality and productivity of local cattle. This study aimed to determine the strategy of continuity of the cattle breeding system with institutions (Maiwa breeding Center) in terms of socio-economic aspects. The study was conducted from June to July 2018 in the District of Tanete Riaja, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. This type of research is quantitative descriptive. The population in this study is a beef cattle farmer who cooperates with the maintenance of breeding Maiwa Breeding Center. The sample is a beef cattle farmer who perform profit sharing system in Lempang Village, Tanete Riaja Subdistrict as many as 40 farmers. The type of data used in this study is the type of qualitative data and quantitative data. Data source used in this research is primary data and secondary data. The data collection method used is observation and interview. The analysis used descriptive statistic is frequency distribution. The results of the study show that the profit sharing system can continue if viewed from an economic aspect so the system contract can pay attention to the costs incurred by farmers during cattle maintenance.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 8-10 ] DOI : 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.9.2

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