AEB Volume 13, Number 11: November, 2019

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The benefit of compost on the growth of medicinal plant Brucea javanica (L.) Merr under drought stress

Dwi Setyo Rini and Ning Wikan Utami

Abstract Drought is known as the most destructive environmental cues affecting plant growth and productivity. Drought influences the decreasing soil water status, thereby disrupting nutrient uptake by the plant. As an organic fertilizer, compost has the ability to rectify the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil. This study was undertaken to find out the benefits of compost to reduce the negative impacts of drought stress on the growth of a medicinal plant, Brucea javanica (L.) Merr. Drought stress was performed to the growth medium by watering period treatments, i.e., watering every day (control), watering every 3 days, and watering every 7 days, whereas the compost treatments consist of two types of compost applications, i.e., soil medium without compost (control) and a mixture of soil medium with compost as the organic fertilizer at a ratio 2 : 1 (v : v). The effects of compost were evaluated on the growth medium and the plant vegetative parameters at the harvesting time on 24-week B.javanica. Drought decreased both the water potential of the growth medium and RWC (relative water content) on the leaves of B.javanica. During drought, compost had the ability to suppress the lowering water potential of the growth medium and RWC on the plant leaves. Compost also improved the biomass production of the shoot of B.javanica plant subjected to the drought as compared to the plants without compost application. Therefore, compost can be used as an approach focusing on the growth medium to enhance plant productivity under drought.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-8 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.1

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Antibacterial effect of balsam extract against Klebsiella pneumonia

Bassam Oudh Al Johny

Abstract Many pathogenic bacteria become resistant towards drug due to its extensive usage. The aim of the study was to evaluate methanolic extract of balsam that has the ability to kill bacteria as well as environment friendly. Pathogenic bacteria was isolated from restaurant and was identified as Klebsiella pneumonia using 16s rRNA sequencing. Well diffusion method was used for the determination of antibacterial activity of Methanolic balsam extract. Results show that balsam has significant antibacterial activity with 18 mm zone of inhibition at concentration of 100 μg/ml. The extract may contains some active compound that has the ability to penetrate the cell membrane and kill Klebsiella pneumonia. This plant extract can be used as a biocontrol agent to clean the environment from Klebsiella pneumonia.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 9-11 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.2

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Concept of Sharing Space in the Spatial Conflict of Urban Kampong an Ethnography Study in Bustaman Semarang

Budi Sudarwanto, Atiek Suprapti, Gagoek Hardiman,Agung Budi Sardjono

Abstract This study aims to describe the kampong spaces for the uniqueness activities of Bustaman that still exist on the process of urbanization. Urbanization had an influence on changes in the physical environment of a city. The city of Semarang also experienced physical changes due to economic growth and government policies. Bustaman was a unique urban kampong based on its economic activities. Sharing was its label as an urban kampong with its local economic wisdom. By community’s local concept of “selling without capital” motivated them running the economic activities, and made the kampong survive facing modern urbanization. Those implied to the spatial character of the kampong. This study employed a grounded theory technique. The step of analysis was done through by the qualitative research process. Analysis used several approach to examine the community’s daily activities, the physical environment, and their culture like 'holistic' approach, 'comprehensive' approach, and 'critical' approach. Findings revealed that the components of sharing in local economic activities had a series of linkages, including shared roles, activities, places, results, time, and capital. The characters of the spatial structure and the local economic space of the kampong were spontaneous, unstructured and compact. Sharing was a keyword for survive of an urban kampong in the process of urbanization, eventhough there was a little conflict on the reality of everyday life in the kampong.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 12-19 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.3

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Corn Supply Chain Targets for Village Collector Traders (PPD) in South Sulawesi Province

Ilham Rasyid, Syamsuddin Hasan,Dermawan Salman, Hastang,Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Amidah Amrawaty, Ahmad R Siregar, Jasmal A Syamsu

Abstract This study aims to determine the target of the corn supply chain target in village collector traders in South Sulawesi Province. The time for conducting the research began in August 2018 - November 2018. For the purposes of research to measure market target and development target variables, data were collected based on survey results and interviews with 12 respondents from village collection traders (PPD), and 4 respondents who were came from the district collecting traders (PPK) as representatives of the big traders, as well as 2 people from the big traders (PB) who are domiciled in the place of business in the district capital, so that the total respondents used in the data collection were 18 people. This research uses descriptive qualitative and quantitative approaches. The types of data used in this study are quantitative and qualitative in nature by using a Likert. The results showed the target is based on market targets and development targets with an average value of 2.5, which means that it is on a medium scale.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 20-23 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.4

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Feasibility Analysis of Shortfin Scad Fish (Decapterus spp) Business Unit in Sinjai Regency

Rahmatullah Arsyad, Aris Baso, Najamuddin, Hamzah Tahang, Andi Amri, Mahyuddin, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin

Abstract The fishing communities that carry out fishing activities in Sinjai Regency, in general, use purse seine which is a relatively high productivity and effectiveness tool when compared to other fishing gear. However, the effort to catch a Shortfin scad fish (Decapterus spp) has not been maximized due to the lack of catch fisheries and has not functioned optimally. The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of a Shortfin scad fish fishing business unit in Sinjai regency. Data collected in the form of primary data and secondary data with data collection using interview and observation techniques. The research method used is the survey method. The results showed that the feasibility analysis of the Shortfin scad fish fishing business unit in Sinjai Regency obtained an average R / C Ratio of 2.42. R / C Ratio value obtained is greater than 1, which means that this purse seine business unit is feasible to run.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 24-28 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.5

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Strategy to Increase Selling Price of Toraja Arabica Coffee Farmers as High Value National Commodities in International Markets

Yopie Brian Suryadhy Panggabean, Yunus Musa, Rahim Darma, Didi Rukmana, Rinaldi Sjahril, Mahyuddin

Abstract Arabica coffee owned by Toraja especially North Toraja is very distinctive with the aroma and flavor produced so that it becomes its own attraction in the hearts of coffee enthusiasts everywhere. But behind the taste and aroma that is very unique there are many problems faced by Arabica coffee farmers in Toraja in particular. This study aims to analyze the potential of North Toraja Arabica coffee agribusiness, which is then followed by studying the benefits that can be done of create an appropriate strategy to improve quality in Arabica coffee agribusiness competition. Data taken using observations and direct interviews in the form of a questionnaire to farmers that includes how much can be produced each harvest season, and the price received each sell the harvest to collectors, companies, and several parties who participated in this research. Primary data used in this study are quantitative and qualitative data. The results of this study indicate that the Arabica coffee owned by Toraja has the potential, farmers as producers have a very big role in improving the performance of Arabica coffee development programs. However, observations show that policies in developing human resources in rural areas, especially in terms of farmers' quality and skills, are relatively not working as expected. To reduce the level of dependence of farmers to traders, it is necessary to strive for financial institutions that are able to provide capital needs to farmers in a fast time without complicated procedures. Therefore, farmers have alternatives to choose marketing channels that can provide better prices.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 29-33 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.6

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Analysis of Regional Economic Sector Shift And Growth in Palopo City Based On Shift Share Application

Fika, Muhammad Yusri Zamhuri, Nixia Tenriawaru

Abstract Leading sector commodity is the main driver of the regional economy of Palopo City. Effective and efficient management of the economic sector can increase investment and create new jobs. The economic sector is categorized as superior having several criteria including high growth rate (productivity), high sectoral added value, competitive advantage and specialization. Therefore an in-depth analysis of growth and sector shift is needed to determine the leading sector in Palopo City based on established criteria determined. This research is a quantitative study using secondary data in the form of PDRB Palopo City and South Sulawesi Province time series 2013-2018. Data analysis techniques are the Classic Shift Share and Shift Share Analysis Marguillas. The results of the calculation of the Shift Share analysis of the growth and shift of the economic sector in Palopo City indicate that the electricity and gas procurement sector; wholesale and retail trade, car and motorcycle repair; information and communication; and health services and social activities have the value of proportional shift (PS), differential shift (DS) and net shift (net shift) are positive means the sector has a fast growth rate, high competitiveness and progressive (advanced). While the results of the analysis of Shift Share modification Estaban Marguillas shows that the electricity and gas procurement sector; wholesale and retail trade, car and motorcycle repair; transportation and warehousing; real estate; and health services and social activities are specialized sectors and have a competitive advantage in the City of Palopo. Based on an analysis of growth and shifts in the regional economic sector in the City of Palopo, it shows that the sectors that meet the leading sector criteria together are high growth (productivity), competitive advantage, specialization and high added value are the electricity and gas procurement sector ; wholesale and retail trade, car and motorcycle repair; health service sector and social activities.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 34-41 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.7

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Analysis Of Increasing Potentials Of Income Through Diversification Of Cocoa Processing Industrial Household Products In Pammulukang Village, Kaluku District West Sulawesi

Anugerah Nurhayat Nurdin, Salengke, Nurdjannah Hamid, Musran Munizu, Mahyuddin, Maatpono

Abstract This study aims to analyze the diversification of cocoa products to the potential increase in net income of the cocoa processing Home Industry (existing product diversification of 3 types of products, 2015-2018), analyze the products that have the most potential to increase net income of the cocoa processing Home Industry and analyze the potential diversification of cocoa products (by designing a new product of cacao soap, 2019-2020) to increase net income of the cocoa processing Home Industry in Pammulukang Village, Kaluku District, West Sulawesi. The results showed that the increase in income through the diversification of cocoa products. The home industry of cocoa processing in Pammulukang Village, Kaluku District, West Sulawesi, when viewed from the amount of income from year to year (existing product diversification of 3 types of products, in 2015-2018) had increased from year to year. to year. The product which has the most potential to increase the income of the cocoa processing household industry in Pammulukang Village, Kaluku District, West Sulawesi in 2015-2018 is chocolate sachet. In the analysis of the potential for increasing income by producing new cocoa fat soap products, in 2019 - 2022 (sensitivity analysis), it was found that the diversification of cocoa products.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 42-45 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.8

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Obstacles the Development of Microfinance Institutions for Beef Cattle Farmers in Indonesia

Aslina Asnawi, Andi Amidah Amrawaty, Nirwana

Abstract One of the efforts made to meet the needs of meat consumption and fulfillment of animal protein in Indonesia is to encourage increased beef cattle breeding business. But one of the obstacles faced by farmers is the lack of capital to increase their business capacity. Financing from formal financial institutions is not easy because it requires collateral which is generally not owned by the farmers, the procedure is long and the location is relatively far from where the farmer lives, making it difficult for farmers to access financing from the financial institution. Microfinance institutions (MFIs) in rural areas are one alternative to overcome financing constraints due to low access to formal financing institutions. This study aims to identify the determinants faced in the development of MFIs for farmers in rural areas. The research population was all members of a combined farmers group who were active in an MFIs, around 270 people. The number sampled was 73 people. Data collection was conducted by interviews using questionnaires and data collection using the Delphi method. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and quantitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that the determinants or factors that hindered the development of MFIs were: the ability to collect and distribute funds to its members, low member participation, payment of loan installments, managerial ability and commitment of the management in managing funds. MFIs need to receive support from the government and the community so that they can survive as an institution that can facilitate farmers in overcoming capital constraints at the village level.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 46-51 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.11.9

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