AEB Volume 14, Number 5: May, 2020

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Management strategy forest management unit XV jeneberang II and forest management unit XII Walanae with Swot analysis

Muhammad Hidayat, Syamsu Alam, Ridwan

Abstract The forest management Awota, who is currently forest management Unit XII Walanae (SK. No. 665/MENLHK/SETJEN/PLA. 0/11/2017 on the establishment of Unit protection forest management and production forest management Unit of South Sulawesi Province) is one of the forest management that develops the partnership system, stipulated in the Cooperation agreement document of the protected forest management Unit XV Jeneberang II through SK. 665/MENLHK/SETJEN/PLA. 0/11/2017 and regulation of the Governor of South Sulawesi number 45 year 2018. The forest management Unit XII Walanaea and forest management Unit XV Jeneberang II In its construction process is also not apart from problems such as there are still some problems in the development process forest management Unit XII Walanae and forest management Unit XV Jeneberang II. The forest management in practice through a forest partnership scheme is sometimes experienced obstacles in developing the institutional partnership of farmer groups. The cause of this is not only triggered by the community, but there are many things surrounding the obstacle. One of them is how to focus on the principles agreed in the management of the forest management. The purpose of this research is to analyse the management strategy of forest management by using SWOT analysis. In order to acquire the right strategy in facing the problem, it is necessary data and information to analyze related internal and external factors using the SWOT method in implementing the implementation of forest management Unit XII Walanae and forest management Unit XV Jeneberang II as forest management units at the site level.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-8 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2020.14.5.1

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Bacteriological studies on Salmonella isolated from chickens and eggs in Taif city with special reference to antibiotics resistance pattern

Abeer Mohammad Salih Fatta, Mai. H. Hanafy, Nashwa A. Ezzeldeen, Ahmed Adel Seida

Abstract: In this study 100 samples of chicken eggs and 100 samples of chicken liver were collected for an average study of Salmonella, which is one of the main causes of intestinal infection. Bacteria were isolated 30 isolates: 21 isolates from eggs and 9 from liver. After their defined, the most prevalent serogroupe was Salmonella Enteritidis 66.6% of the isolates and Salmonella Typhi was 33.3%. The sensitivity of the strains was tested against 16 antibiotics. Around 86.6 % of Salmonella isolates showed multiple antimicrobial resistance, about 6.6% and 3.3% were resistant to different antibiotics respectively. A large proportion of the Salmonella isolates were resistant of 93.3% nalidexic acid, 90% ampicillin, 86.6% trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole and tetracycline. 12 out of 30 isolates were Extended spectrum β-Lactamases (ESβL) which detected by Cefinase phenotypically and the rate reached 43.3 %. PCR technique was conducting for detection of the invA gene in 30 isolates and all isolates were positive for this gene.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 9-16 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2020.14.5.2

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Reform of development strategy for economic strengthening of seaweed farmers in Bulukumba Regency, Indonesia

Nurbaya Busthanul, Pipi Diansari, Idris Sumase, Ni Made Viantika Sulianderi, Masyhur, Imran Muhtar

Abstract: Indonesia's total seaweed production reaches 11.3 million tons or 38% of the total world production of 29.4 million tons (FAO, 2018). South Sulawesi Province is the largest producer of Kappaphycus and Eucheuma seaweed in Indonesia, with an average of 3.52 million tons or 33% of national production, but most (around 80%) are still processed in dry form (dry-seaweed) which is generally done by exporters/industries (KKP, 20187). However, these conditions have not been able to provide maximum added value for farmers due to: 1) the quality of production has not been standardized for industry / export quality, which still requires further processing to enter the market, 2) low bargaining power due to knowledge, skills ), equipment (technology) that is still limited, 3) continuity of production does not guarantee supply to industry / exports, and 4) farmers are generally formed in farmer groups because of family relations, but have not yet built group competence. Solving these problems requires a re-orientation of the farmer's strategy in managing activities at the upstream level (involving farms) involving stakeholders with their respective roles and interests, which are accommodated in joint decisions with the main goal of solving the problem of the economic weakness of seaweed farmers in Bulukumba. This study uses a deep-interview method, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and questionnaire to respondents from stakeholders: farmers, industry, traders and government. Sampling was done by purposive and representation of the study area. Data processing is done by SWOT analysis for Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) and External Factor Evaluation (EFE) analysis as well as analysis of implementation strategy solutions based on priorities and interrelations in the development system. The SWOT analysis results show that the internal conditions of farmers have greater weaknesses than their strengths (IFE = -0.06035), while the external conditions indicate that threats from outside are greater than their chances (EFE = -0.227). The Cartesian SWOT analysis shows that farmers are currently in a survival quadrant strategy showing recommendations for reforming a strategy (turnaround strategy). The previous strategy showed the work behaviour of individuals and small groups without developing competencies (skiing, knowledge, technology, and partnership networks), it was recommended to reform into a new strategy of working in groups based on cooperative institutions and developing group competencies, mutual complementation between members, developing networks , develop opportunities for growth and prosperity together in a sustainable manner. The results of respondents and experts give a weight value of importance to the solution of problems to achieve future changes, starting from the main ones are a) Strengthening cooperative-based business institutions (0.584), b) Increasing partnerships (0.577), c) Strengthening business management (0.526), d) Business management assistance (0.465), e) Providing capital and technology assistance (0.410), f) Increasing Product Innovation (0.336), g) Improving the quality of seaweed and processed products (0.319), and h) Increasing Seaweed cultivation, post harvesting and processing skills (0.279). The recommendations from stakeholders are formulated in priority-based development and involve stekeholdesr as actors who have their respective roles in achieving the objectives of strengthening the farmer's economy in the context of sustainability of activities.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 17-23 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2020.14.5.3

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