AEB Volume 12, Number 5: May, 2018

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Heat and Helio-Thermal Units Accumulation of Peanut as Affected by Planting Dates, Potassium and Calcium Spraying

Intsar H.H. Al-Hilfy, S.A.A. Al-Salmani and S.A. Wahid

Abstract: Two field experiment were carried out at AL-Mohamadi city, Al-Anbar in the right bank of Euphrates River during 2012 and 2013 summer seasons to study the effect of planting dates, calcium and potassium spraying on heat and helio-thermal units accumulation of peanut (Local cultivar). Factorial experiment at RCBD design with three replications and two factors for both experiments were used. First experiment had 6 planting dates (1st April, 15th April, 1st May, 15th May, 1st June and 15th June) and four levels of potassium (0, 4000, 5000 and 6000 mg K L-1). Second experiment had the same planting dates with 4 levels of calcium (0, 200, 400 and 600 mg Ca L-1). Results of the first experiment showed that the plants in the second planting date (15th April) reached maturity and harvesting stages at 8.7562and 8.75620C and 33238 and 351.8 helio-thermal units for both seasons, respectively. Increasing potassium levels caused decreasing in heat units and helio-thermal units accumulation. While results of the second experiment showed that the plants in the second planting date (15th April) reached maturity and harvesting stages at 8.5.67 and 8.31620C and 32175 and 35357 helio-thermal units for both seasons, respectively. Increasing calcium levels caused increasing in heat units and helio-thermal units accumulation.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-5 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.5.1

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Effect of Dietary Supplementation with Ginger and Curcuma on the Immune Response and Certain Egg Quality Traits of White Leghorn Hens

Asmaa Sabah Ahmaed, Nidhal Mohammed Salih, Rasha Mohammed Shaker, Hatam Hasson Salih

Abstract: This experiment was conducted at the Poultry Farm of Animal Resources Department, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation with different levels of turmeric and ginger powder on egg quality traits of White Leghorn hens. turmeric powder was supplemented to the diet of hens at the levels of 0 (Control group; A1), 0.05 %of ginger powder(A2), 0.1% ginger powder(A3), 0.4 % turmeric powder(A4) and 0.6 % turmeric powder (A5). The traits included in this experiment were: Yolk height, albumin height, yolk diameter and yolk weight and some immunological tests (hemagglutination inhibition test and double immunodiffusion test). Results revealed that feeding the birds diet contains different levels of turmeric and ginger powder (A2, A3,A4,A5) resulted in significant improvement as regards Yolk height, albumin height, yolk diameter and yolk weight and the results of the immune response to the birds of ginger powder treatments have improved more than turmeric treatments during the most periods of this experiment and concerning the general means of these traits. In conclusion dietary supplementation with turmeric and ginger resulted in significant amelioration with relation to egg quality traits of egg produced by White Leghorn Hens. Thus, turmeric and ginger powder can be used as one of the important nutritive additives that added to laying hens for improving productive performance of laying hens reared during different months of the year.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 6-9 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.5.2

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Frequency of Some Intestinal Parasites of Domestic Fowl Gallus Gallus Domesticus in Djelfa (Algeria)

Guerzou Ahlem, Sahki-Belabbes Ilham, Milla Amel, Toumi Khadidja, Attout Rania, Doumandji Salaheddine

Abstract: Domestic fowl parasitism Gallus gallus domesticus is studied in two types of breeding in region of Djelfa by using technical flotation. Following this study, a total of 11 parasitic species is identified. These species are spread on 3 Phylum, 7 classes, 10 orders and 10 families. That test allows us deducing that appearance frequency of parasitic species is in direct relationship with thermal fluctuations. Effect, species of Eimeria sp., Cooperia sp., Ascaridia sp., Toxocara sp., Cestoda sp. ind., Trematoda sp. ind, occur during all sampling’s months with a clear predominance of Eimeria sp. Thus, emergence of Nematoda sp. ind. and Strongyloides sp. began only from February and went on until April with low rates for both species. Appearance of Capillaria sp, is present only in February and March and to disappear in April. Their percentages do not exceed 0.5%. The arrival of Syngamus sp. and Isospora sp is observed only in March with low abundance rates for both species.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 10-11 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.5.3

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Analysis of Potential Carrying Capacity of Feed for Beef Cattle in Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Ikrar Moh Saleh, Siti Nurlaelah, Indrawirawan

Abstract: This study aimed to analyze the potential of beef cattle breeding support capacity.The research conducted in Lompo Tengah village, Tanete Riaja Sub-district, Barru District from October to November 2014. Type of research used was survey method. Data type used in this research was quantitative data and qualitative data. Sources of data used were primer data obtained from interviews, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and GPS coordinates data and secondary data that were supporting data from related institutions. Data collection was observation and interview. Result of research indicate support capacity of Central Lompo livestock feed was still sufficient for the development of beef cattle with a mean of carrying capacity of 9, 71.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 12-16 ] DOI : 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.5.4

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Perceptive Farmers Viewed from Knowledge and Skills in Utilizing Beef cattleFeces into Organic Solid Fertilizer

Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Ikrar Moh.Saleh, Jamilah Mustabi and Syamsinar Syukur

Abstract: Waste is the waste material from a process of activity which still has economic valueso it is necessary to do the processing that can increase the income of farmers. This study aims to determine the perception of farmers in processing cow feces into solid fertilizer in terms of knowledge and skills of farmers. The research was conducted in March 2018 until April 2018. This research was conducted in Patampanua Village, Marioriawa Subdistrict, Soppeng Regency. The type of research used is descriptive quantitative. This research uses survey method. The type of data used in this study is qualitative data and quantitative data. Data sources are primary data and secondary data. The population in this research is the whole breeder of beef cattle in Patampanua Village, MarioriawaSubdistrict, Soppeng Regency. The number of population in this research is 78 breeders of beef cattle and all population taken as sample of research. The data collection techniques used in this study are observation and interview. Data analysis used in this research is descriptive statistic. The result of research Farmers are less aware of the types and materials and processing of organic fertilizer and not yet skilled in the utilization of organic fertilizer.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 17-20 ] DOI : 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.5.5

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