AEB Volume 12, Number 3: March, 2018

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Farmers’ Household Livelihood Resilience In The Lake Tempe Area


A. Besse Dahliana, Saleh S. Ali, Darmawan Salman, EymalBahsar Demmallino, AS.Halimah

Abstract: The lakeside community is part of lake management that not only consider the ecological, cultural, but also economic aspects where the economic aspect is intended to raise the incomes which may then improve the farmers’ welfare, so that their household not only use natural capital in livelihood activities, but also use other livelihood capitals to produce income. The study aims to know farmers’ household livelihood resilience that is correlated with their livelihood capital. Through the combination of a quantitative approach by asking questionnaires and a qualitative with in-depth interviews with farmer stilling the fields around the lake, their activity for their livelihood resilience can be revealed. The results showed that the level of income was strongly correlated with the level of resilience,it is mean that the higher the level of incomes, the higher the level of resilience will be. Good incomes may influence a family’s saving capacity so that the saving may serve as valuable assets for a family used during critical economic condition.No households are collapsed during crises,it is caused by the fact that the households’ incomes are not from one sector; they adopt a multi-livelihood pattern. The household resilience is various in forms namely making use of savings and loan, social capital, skills besides agricultural sector, cattle, valuable assets such as land, houses, jewelry and vehicles. Another factor that cause the households to have such resilience is high possession of social capital. The research suggests that resilienceis affected by the ownership of livelihood capital and household incomes. Livelihood capitals can build the household resilience for the lakeside community.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-4 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.3.1

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Plant species distribution and their relation to soil properties in Wadi Elip South Western area in Saudi Arabia

Ali A. Al- Masaudi, H.S.Al-Zahrani, A.A. Al Toukhy and Hameed Alsamadany

Abstract: Soil characteric and flora in Wadi Elip that located in South Western of Saudi Arabiawas investigatedto study the relationships between soil properties and plant types. Results showed that three soil units in study area, foothill, coastal sand dunes and coastal sabkha were found. Soil texture in foothills & coastal sand dunes was sandy & sand loamy but in coastal sabkha it was loamy, Bulk density values ranged from 1.12 – 1.07, 1.10-1.07 – 1.40-1.35 g/cm3, whereas real density varied between 2.88 - 2.28,2.88-2.33 and 2.45- 2.40 g/cm3. Total porosity values ranging from 60.00- 53.07, 62.85 -52.79 and 43.75- 42.86 %,pH Values ware 6.7, 7.20 and 8.40 for three soil units mentioned respectively.These results indicating that soils were moderately to strongly alkaline. Ec values ranges from 0.10 to 8.20 Desm./m. indicated that soils were normal to high sainality, organic carbone was highly in Coastal sabkha near Red Sea (6.30%) and slightly highly in coastal sand dunes (3.8%) and it was low (0.90 %) in sand plains, sodium was very highly concentration near The Red Sea (9.335 ml/g), also Mg,Ca,K,p ware highly near TheRed Sea ( 1.372,1.49,0.975 and 3.040 ) respectively.Aervajavanica, and Prosopis juliflora in foothills area,Salvadorapersica found coastal sand dunes (meidle study area), Suaedafruticosa in coastal sabkha (near The Red Sea) were found. Soil types at the study area were determined to be sandy immature soil. Their horizon sequences were described as surface, subsurface and bottom layers, Coastal sabkha and coastal sand dunes were characterized by a relatively high calcium concentration in the soil horizons. The subsurface layers in coastal sabkha and coastal sand dunes were characterized by founding slightly highly organic carbon accumulation. The roots in the coastal sabkha and coastal sand dunes were distributed more shallowly than those in the sand plains and wadi areas, thus avoiding the high water table level as well as the influence of seawater in the soil. Generally, the salt marsh showed high sodium(9.335 mg/g) concentration and base saturation, indicating that this area was directly affected by seawater.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 5-9 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.3.2

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Influence of Diluted Seawater Irrigation on Seed Germination of Moringa oleifera, and Moringa Peregrina

Sameera Bafeel, Aysha Alrashedi, Hameed Alsamadany, Abdualmonem A. Al Toukhy* Yahya Al Zahrani

Abstract: Current study deals with the impact of irrigation with seawater during germination and seedling growth and to identify salinity tolerance in Moringa species that can be utilized for further physiological, chemical and genetic studies. The genus Moringa -following the family of Moringaceae, a fast-growing plant that has 13 species. In present study two Moringa species (Peregrina and Oleifera) were irrigated with six different levels of diluted Red seawater (0, 10%, 25%, 35%, 45% and 60%) that equal (3500,8750,12250, 15575 and 21000ppm respectively) for evaluating g the effect of diluted Red seawater irrigation on germination percentage. The result of germination percentage in Moringa Peregrina showed that 64%, 56%, 48%, 40%, 32% and 0 respectively, where the result of germination percentage in Moringa Oleifera showed that 60%, 48%, 40%, 32%, 20 % and 0 respectively. Therefore, germination rate decreases gradually with increased Red Seawater concentration. Also, germination in M. peregrina is faster than in M.oleifera two days.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 10-12 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.3.3

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Effect of Planting-Hole and Fertilizer on Salak (Salacca Zalacca) At Beginning Vegetative Phase

Didik Hariyono, Akbar Saitama, Akbar Hidayatullah Zaini

Abstract Salak (Salacca zalacca) is one of the most important fruit species and become national champions of fruit to native Indonesia. The success of enrichment planting depends on specific planting techniques and treatments applied. Specific planting techniques such as planting-holes was aimed to provide an optimal environment the plant growth of salak. Application of manure were to nourish the rooting space so it can be absorbed by plants. This study was determined to investigate the interaction between the size of planting-hole and manure to the salak growth at the beginning of the vegetative phase. This study was conducted from May until August 2016. This study was using factorial experiment in a randomized block design and repeated 3 times. The first factor was the size of the planting-hole consisting of three levels i.e, L1 (30x30x30) cm3, L2 (50x50x50) cm3 and L3 (70x70x70) cm3. The second factor were manure which consists of three levels i.e, P1 (5 kg/planting-hole), P2 (7.5 kg/planting-hole), and P3 (10 kg/planting-hole). The results showed that interaction on the parameters of plant length, average leaf length, number of dead leaves, number of tillers, and leaf maturation age. The treatment of planting-hole size (30x30x30) cm3 with manure addition 7.5 kg showed higher plant growth on parameter of plant length, leaf length, with longer leaf maturation lifespan. Planting-hole was significantly reduce on the number of leaves by using treatment (30x30x30) cm3. Application of manure were higher to the number of dead leaves at 4 WAP with manure addition 5 kg than other treatments.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 13-16 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.3.4

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