AEB Volume 16, Number 12: December, 2022

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Chemical Profiling Analysis of Mesembryanthemum (opophytum) forsskalii Hochst. ex Boiss. In Jordan

Sami A. Awabdeh, Hassan M. Asoufi, Khaled M. Tawarah, Khaled M. Abulaila, Shahed S. Al-Nsour

Abstract: In the present study, the first report of Mesembryanthemum (Opophytum ) forsskalii Hochst. ex Boiss Al-Samh has been documented in the southern desert of Jordan, particularly (Al-Jafer). M. forsskalii was widely planted and well-known in the local community as Al-Samh. The chemical composition of sameh seeds collected from the south desert of Jordan have been studied. Proximate analysis showed a composition of 23.2% protein, 11.5% moisture, 4.4% fat, 6.6% ash, 9.1% crude fiber, and total carbohydrates. ADF and NDF percent were 19.2 and 32.5, respectively. Al-Samh flour was clearly noted used by local people in the region of study. The results build the scientific stone for Al-Samh value. As Al-Samh seeds are a rich source of protein and could be used for producing high protein products, It could be promising to make bread and cookies or any other traditional food in the region.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-4 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2022.16.12.1

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Breeders' Perceptions of Cattle Aid from the Provincial Government of South Sulawesi

Anugrah Wijayanti Masse, Amrullah, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Ilham Rasyid

Abstract: Research on farmer-livestock groups' perceptions of cattle assistance from the Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Service of South Sulawesi Province in Soppeng Regency was carried out in February - March 2022. This location was chosen because Soppeng Regency is one of the areas that received cattle assistance programs from the Livestock and Animal Husbandry Office. Animal Health and success in the development of beef cattle population and also in Soppeng Regency has a very strategic beef cattle farming business development. This research uses descriptive quantitative research, which describes or illustrates the perception of farmers/breeders towards the cattle assistance program from the Department of Livestock and Animal Health of South Sulawesi Province in Soppeng Regency. The number of samples in this study were 42 farmers with deliberate sampling. Analysis of the data used is descriptive analysis using a Likert scale. Based on the results of research on farmer perceptions of the beef cattle assistance program provided by the government through the Animal Husbandry and Animal Health Service of South Sulawesi Province in Soppeng Regency, it was found that the perception of cattle farmers with indicators of farmer income, mindset, breeding methods, population increase, and quality livestock received by farmers are in the high category because they are more likely to agree with the beef cattle assistance program.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 5-11 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2022.16.12.2

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Effects of Moringa Leaf Flour on Mojosari Ducks Offal At Various Supplementation Levels

Munir, Muhammad Jurhadi and Rahmawati Semaun

Abstract:This study aimed to examine the effect of supplementing moringa leaf meal on offal Mojosari ducks. This study used 60 female Mojosari ducks aged 3 weeks and used three different types of feed as treatments and one different type of feed as controls, with three replications for each treatment. The treatment with feed supplementation was P0 = 0% moringa leaf meal, P1 = 5% moringa leaf meal, P2 = 10% moringa leaf powder, and P3 = 15% moringa leaf meal. The parameters observed were offal, consisting of liver, heart, head, legs, feathers, and blood. The data obtained in this study were processed using analysis of variance and continued with the Duncan test. The results showed that the addition of moringa leaf powder had no effect (non-significant) (P > 0.05) on the offal of Mojosari ducks, namely the weight of the liver, heart, and feathers, while the weight of the head, legs, and blood showed a significant effect (P<0.05). Therefore, this study concluded that the addition of moringa leaf meal generally had an impact on the weight of the offal component of Mojosari ducks at the 15% level.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 12-15 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2022.16.12.3

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