AEB Volume 13, Number 12: December, 2019

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Perception of Beef Cattle Breeders on Utilization of Banana Stems as Creature Nourish in Marioriawa Area, Soppeng Regency

Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Ikrar M Saleh, Jamilah Mustabi and Syamsinar

Abstract This study aimed to determine the perception of farmers in processing of banana stems as animal feed. The research was conducted in June 2019 until July 2019. This investigate was conducted in Patampanua Town, Marioriawa Subdistrict, Soppeng Rule. The sort of inquire about utilized was clear. This inquire about utilized overview strategy. The sort of information utilized in this ponder was subjective information and quantitative information. Information sources were essential information and auxiliary information. The populace in this investigate was the full breeder of hamburger cattle in Patampanua Town, Marioriawa Sub area, Soppeng Rule. The number of populaces in this investigate was 78 breeders of meat cattle and all populace taken as test of inquire about. The information collection strategies utilized in this think about was perception and meet. Information examination utilized in this investigate was clear. The result of investigate the farmers' recognition of making meat cattle from banana stems is exceptionally positive (supportive) since it has never been done some time recently.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-3 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.1

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VFA Concentration, Ammonia And pH Value In Vivo Ransum Rument System Made From Rice Fermentation Of Lamtoro Leaves, Gamal Leaves And Indigofera Leaves

Abdul Hakim Fattah, Jasmal A. Syamsu, A. Natsir, Syamsuddin Garantjang

Abstract The use of rice straw directly as a single feed cannot meet the supply of nutrients needed by livestock, so it needs to be substituted with high-quality concentrate feed ingredients sourced from legume crops namely lamtoro, gamal and indigofera. The purpose of this study was to determine the value of the concentration of VFA, Ammonia and pH value. The study design used was a Randomized Block Design with 3 kinds of dairy feed supplement as a treatment, with 3 replications. Each treatment was P1 = Fermented Rice Straw (70%) + Lamtoro (30%) P2 = Fermented Rice Straw (70%) + Gamal 30%, P3 = Fermented Rice Straw (70%) + Indigofera (30%). The parameters observed were VFA concentration, Ammonia, and pH value. The results showed no significant difference between treatments (P> 0.05). P1 treatment was not significantly different from P2 treatment and P3 treatment. The range of VFA concentrations produced was 89.05 to 91.39 mM with the highest VFA values in the P3 treatment and the lowest in the P2 treatment. The range of In Vivo rumen ammonia concentrations produced is between 4.49 mM to 4.55 mM. The pH range in this study was 6.97 to 7.21. This study concludes that the combination of fermented rice straw-based feed with the combination of lamtoro leaf, gamal leaf and indigofera leaves produced shows rumen conditions that are suitable for rumen microbial growth.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 4-9 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.2

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Collaboration Based Agroforestry Development Strategy in Laubonu Village, Atsabe Subdistrict, District Ermera, Timor Leste

Fernando Da Silva Muhammad Dassir Mujetahid M.S. Nadirah

Abstract The forest area of Timor-Leste ± 869,130.41ha, representing 59% of the total land area of 1,493,130.41 ha. Timor-Leste's forest area is classified as good forest cover 312,930.67 ha and forest cover is less good 556,199.74 ha. The objective of this study is? (1) Identifying forest management problems in the village of Laubonu Timor Leste, and (2) Formulating a collaborative development based agroforestry strategy. The research was conducted from June 2019 to August 2019. The study population was stakeholders related to forestry development in Laubonu village. The number of respondents was 30 people. The data analysis method uses descriptive qualitative analysis. The results of the study show the general problems faced by most formal forestry and environmental institutions in Timor Leste, namely: (1). Lack of human resources and the low level of education of formal institutions. (2). Lack of synchronization - program integration in overcoming forest encroachment and illegal logging. (3). The absence of agroforestry models as an alternative to increase community income as well as improving the quality of forest area ecosystems to control landslides, forest fires, and critical land, and the absence of policies for the legality of forest area management rights for communities that have long encroached on forest areas. The Agroforestry Development Strategy that can be adopted by the Government of Timor Leste, namely the level of the Ministry of Forestry forms a Working Group (POKJA) for developing Agroforestry (PA). Its main tasks are (1) facilitating the development of regulations (policies and programs) for agroforestry development at pilot sites (2). Facilitating the implementation of the PA Development Program Strengthening Training and briefing for facilitators at the level of directors, district, sub-district and village staff who will socialize and as a facilitator in organizing the agroforestry development program. Facilitators at the district and sub-district, village and field levels are awareness / socialization, formation and strengthening of institutions and preparation of a technical plan for agroforestry development. The agroforestry development model that can be developed in Laubonu Village, which is the agrisilviculture model and the agrosilvopasture model Agrosilviculture model which is adaptive to drought and is able to meet the food needs of the population and can increase the income of the population as a source of weekly, seasonal and annual income, by continuing to plant seasonal crops such as peanuts and corn, and enriched with annual crops such as coffee, gamal, and mahogany, while the Agrosilvopasture model is expected to be a source of fodder for goats and cattle, besides there are weekly and seasonal income sources in the presence of coffee plants, while for seasonal and annual there is a product of goats and candlenuts. In the long run there is wood yield from mahogany stands.

[ FLL TEXT PDF 10-15 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.3

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Pine SAP cultivation partnership pattern in the Forest Management Unit of Central Mamasa

Trivena, Muhammad Dassir, Andi Mujetahid

Abstract The development of forest management units provides opportunities for forest exploitation and the parties to manage forest resources in accordance with their characteristics and still empower the communities surrounding the forest. The research aims to determine the pattern of partnership used in pine tapping activities and to analyze the development of the partnership pattern. The study was conducted for four months from April to 2019 July. The population of this research, namely pine farmers, corporations, forest management in the central Mamasa Union, and related stakeholders in forestry management and decision-makers. Data collection is done with in-depth interviews, focused group discussions, and observations. Data analysis is done in qualitative and quantitative analysis. The results of this study show that the pattern of pine tapping Partnership is a pattern of partnership between farmers, PT. Kencana Hijau Bina Lestari with KPH Central Mamasa and a pattern of partnership between the tapping of farmers, capital owners, PT. Kencana Hijau Bina Lestari With the Mamasa Central forest management unit. The formulation of partnership pattern is with the priority direction of readiness of human resources, funding sources, socialization and mentoring, cooperation agreements and evaluation and monitoring of activities.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 16-20 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.4

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Water Quality and Monitoring of Some Pollution Indicators in Lake Manzala, Egypt

Mokhtar S. Beheary, Eman M. Saleh, Mamdouh S. Serag

Abstract Lake Manzala is one of the most important fishing sources in Egypt. It faces many environmental challenges that affect its quality. Due to excessive discharge of wastewater, the quality of water and fish production deteriorated. This study was carried out in nine different sites in the eastern and southern parts of Lake Manzala in two Governorates; Port Said (six sites) and Dakahliya (three sites) in North Delta, Egypt. Water samples were collected seasonally in 19 May 2017, 19 August 2017, 12 November 2017, and in 7 January 2018 (spring, summer, autumn, and winter). Samples were collected by a boat from the lake. Temperature, latitude, longitude, and pH were determined in the field. Global Position System (Garmin GPS) detected the Latitude and longitude for sampling sites within Lake Manzala for each site. Statistical analysis of the results were performed and was expressed by mean SE. The aim of this study is to monitor some quality indicators for lake water. The results showed significant changes in water characteristics including: temperature (14.3°C - 35.5°C), pH (7.68 - 9), turbidity (0.4 mg/l – 321 mg/l), total hardness (176.41 mg/l - 3140 mg/l), total solids (1548.8 mg/l - 19379.2 mg/l), chlorides (468.65 mg/l - 11621.28 mg/l), sodium (321.06 mg/l - 7585.21 mg/l), total nitrogen (0.148 mg/l - 10.09 mg/l), total phosphorus (0.15 mg/l - 0.96 mg/l), Dissolved oxygen(0.7 mg O2/l -12.4 mg O2\l), biological oxygen demand(6.8 mg O2/l – 9.6 mg O2\l), Chemical oxygen demand(24.1 mg O2/l - 240 mg O2/l), Iron(0.271ppm) and Manganese(0.117 ppm). Results, also, showed a high density of faecal coliform count and total viable bacterial count. The results show deterioration in the quality of the lake water, so the state should pay attention to this problem because it negatively affects the production of lake fish in addition to other negative consequences.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 21-29 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.5

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Molecular Studies on Microbiota in Raw Chicken’s Meat in Jeddah Province

Abdullah A.K. Ghyathuddin, Abdullah Aljaddawi

Abstract Foodborne illnesses are characterized as infectious or ototoxic illnesses caused by the bodily function of food or water infected by the World Health Organization (WHO). Foodborne illnesses are classified into giant towing, poisoning and infection teams. Poisoning is caused by pathogens' bodily function of the poison, throughout the infection, foods containing viable pathogens are locked up. the poison could also be a gift, although bacteria or other motive agents are not a gift, and by ingesting animals that have consumed poison-producing organisms, it is possible to develop food poisoning. Disinfectants are generally other than pre-cooling water tanks in poultry processing plants to reduce contamination by microorganisms. The purpose of this analysis was to determine the microbiota of raw chicken meat in the province of Jeddah. this means that strict sanitary management measures must be applied to the biological phenomenon in order to improve sanitary conditions throughout the production, handling, storage and sale of food.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 30-36 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.6

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Analysis Value Added of Arabica Coffee in Determining the Lowest Unit Price Policy in Buntu Pepasan District, North Toraja Regency

Rico, Rahim Darma, Laode Asrul, Didi Rukmana, Musran Munizu, Mahyuddin

Abstract The aims of the research was to analyze the added value of arabica coffee in determining the lowest retail price in the Buntu Pepasan District, North Toraja Regency. This research was conducted in June to July 2019 at Buntu Pepasan Subdistrict, North Toraja Regency, South Sulawesi Province using purposive informants, which were analyzed descriptively quantitatively. The added value obtained by farmers is IDR. 18,994 with a profit rate of 78.67%, then the added value obtained by the trader is IDR. 35,538 with a profit rate of 96.90%, while the added value obtained by the coffeshop was IDR. 53,123 with a profit rate of 96.22%. The profit value shows the amount of compensation received by the entrepreneur. Based on the results of the value added approach that is carried out for each value chain actor in the Arabica coffee commodity, the lowest Arabica Coffee Unit Price policy in North Toraja Regency can be changed to change the selling price at the farmer level from IDR. 18,000 / Liter or IDR. 36,000 / kg in the form of seeds that are still horn-skinned to IDR. 28,000 per liter or IDR. 56,000 per kilogram in the form of coffee beans that are still horned.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 37-42 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.7

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Panen Mart's Existence in using Marketing Communication Strategies of Selling Agriculture Products

Aulia Adisti Indah Sari, M H Jamil,Munizu M, Sri Undai Nurbaini, Mahyuddin, Jusni

Abstract The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the existence of a panenmart company in the marketing communication process. The analytical method used is a qualitative descriptive analysis Miles and Huberman with a case study approach for the selection of research sites and identification of informants through in-depth interviews with key informants including: Chief Technology Officer, Chief Business Development Officer, Chief Operation Officer, Chief Technology Officer, and Head of Content Digital Marketing and 3 (three) employees involved in the marketing communication process. The results of this study enable the panenmart company to maintain its existence by using five (5) elements of marketing communication, namely: media advertising, direct marketing, sales promotion, personal selling, interactive marketing.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 43-50 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.8

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The Role of Counseling to Cocoa Farmer Groups in Soppeng Regency

Asti Astari, Sitti Bulkis, Kaimuddin, Laode Asrul, Darmawan Salman, Mahyuddin

Abstract The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of counseling to cocoa farmer groups. This study used a qualitative research approach. Sampling in this study was conducted purposively consisting of 70 cocoa farmers. The sample in this study was the cocoa farmers who participated in the counseling of farmer group program conducted in Soppeng, South Sulawesi province. Data collection techniques were done by interview, observation and documentation study. Data were analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis. The results showed that the role of counseling of cocoa farmer groups in Soppeng District consisted of, (a) At the stage of awareness and formation of conscious behavior, farmers do not realize that advising programs can provide benefits for them; (b) In the ability transformation stage, farmers have not been able to absorb all the learning that has been given by the counselor; and (c) At the stage of increasing intellectual and skills, intellectual abilities and skills of farmers are not yet optimal. The roles of counseling of cocoa farmer groups are not optimal.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 51-54 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.9

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The Ability Test of Fiber Degradation from Isolates Bacterial cellulolitic In The Rumen Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)

Munir, Ambo Ako, Syahriani Syahrir and Asmuddin Nasir

Abstract The ability of bacteria to degrade the fiber is a major factor in improving the quality of feed and simultaneously become a limiting factor in the provision of food, especially for ruminant feed. This study was designed as an exploratory study that analyzed descriptively to optimize performance on buffaloes bacteria that have the ability to digest fibrous feed better and accustomed to consuming fibrous feed materials such as rice straw. To analyze the ability of cellulolytic bacterial degradation to isolate bacteria taken from buffalo rumen fluid samples by growing the bacteria on four solid growth media that is aerobic, aerobic liquid, solid and anaerobic anaerobic liquid. Cellulolytic bacteria were isolated using a specific media Carboxy Methyl Cellulose (CMC) with a pour plate method were then incubated at 28oC for 48 hours. A total of four media growth with three replications. Data were analyzed using a completely randomized design (CRD) with SPSS software. The ability of cellulolytic bacterial degradation which is characterized by a clear zone around the colony's growing colony is then measured diameter, the diameter of clear zone and the resulting cellulolytic index. The results obtained indicate that there is a direct effect of treatment (P<0.05) to the diameter of the colony with an F .20.801 mm, and with a clear zone F.30.334 mm while the value of the index cellulolitic showed no differences between the isolates.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 55-60 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.10

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Strategy Development of Commodity Potato Granola (Solanum Tuberosom L) in Tombolopao District Gowa Regency

Muh Ikmal Saleh, Didi Rukmana, Nurdjanah Hamid, Siti Bulkis, Mahyuddin, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin

Abstract This study aimed to describe the granola potato agribusiness in Tombolopao District, identify the strategic issue of granola potato agribusiness to see internal and external and external conditions as well as formulate priority strategies in formulating strategies for developing granola potato agribusiness in Tombolopao District, Gowa Regency. The method used in this research is descriptive analysis, farm analysis, IFE and EFE analysis. The results of the analysis show that the condition of the potato agribusiness system in Tombolopao District is still not running optimally, due to the non-functioning of the upstream subsystem, where the actors in the procurement of production facilities are still carried out individually which causes the lack of production inputs, namely the problem of granola potato seeds. In the farming subsystem, potato cultivation has provided benefits to farmers, this farming is feasible to be developed with r / c for a cash cost of 3.30, which means that everyone rupiah cash costs incurred will provide revenue of 3.30, while r / c for the cost a total of 3.25, which means that everyone rupiah cash costs incurred will provide as much as 3.25 receipts. In the marketing subsystem, potatoes have been marketed to Kalimantan and Southeast Sulawesi. Prices are determined by collectors. In the downstream (processing) subsystem, not all of the processed potato entrepreneurs use potatoes as their raw material, which causes new potatoes to be sold in fresh products. In the service and support subsystems, supported by agricultural extension workers who accompany and provide information related to potato cultivation, but from supporting capital, farmers have not utilized credit provided by financial institutions because they still use private capital. Based on the identification of key internal factors, high demand with a weight of 3.60 is the main strength and weaknesses are at the level of capital which is still limited with a weight of 2.00 while the external key factor of the opportunity factor that ranks first is the support of the government with a score of 0.22 and weaknesses in the location of relatively expensive production facilities with a score of 0.18.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 61-67 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.11

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comparison of Rumen Fermentation Parameters in Domestic Fed on Corn-Cob Based and Dry Cocoa Leaf-Based Complete Feed

Irmayanti, Asmuddin Natsir, Sudirman Baco

Abstract The aim of this study was to analyse the rumen fermentation parameters in domestic goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) treated with complete feed made from corn cob and dry cocoa leaves. This research was conducted in December 2018 - January 2019.The data was assessedusing independent sample T-test at significance level of 5%. Two experimental diets were prepared, i.e. corn cob ration (P1) and dry cocoa leaf ration (P2), and 5 replications. The effect of these diets on characteristicsof rumen fermentation was investigated, including pH, level of NH3 and VFA. The results showed that both diets did not exhibit significant difference (P > 0,05) on pH (6,38 ± 0,28 for P1 and (6,61 ± 0,32 for P2), level of NH3 (7,16 ± 2,57 for P1 and 8,16 ± 1,78 for P2), and VFA (109,76 ± 37,41 for P1 and 108,89 ± 41,56 for P2). Our experimental results suggested that corn cob in the diet could be replaced by dry cocoa leaves.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 68-71 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.12

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Strategy for Strengthening models of Cocoa Partnership in Polewali Mandar District, West Sulawesi Province

Bambang Setiawan, Didi Rukmana, Mahyuddin, Darmawan Salman, Saadah, Nurjannah Hamid

Abstract The agricultural partnership is a commercial collaboration between a partner enterprise and a group of partners in the agricultural enterprise sector.This study aims to analyze the strategy for strengthening the partnership model of cocoa farmers, in the district of Polewali Mandar, The analysis technique used is SWOT.The results showed that the strengths factor in this study consisted of (i) availability of land resources, (ii) availability of labor, (iii) the location of the Gardens close to the company and(iv) Main product the region. Weaknesses in this study consists of (1) farmers' capital is generally low, (2) technology is lacking, (3) poor knowledgeand(4) Pest and disease attacks. While external factor opportunities include: (1) collaboration in partnership with companies,(2) high market demand, (3) the infrastructure is available, Threats In this study price fluctuation, change of land use, and theft of cocoa fruit. From the results of the SWOT, we will formulate strategies to overcome Weaknesses or avoid the and threats one of them use the availability of land and labor to meet market demand, works with partners to provide capital and technology, and uses the potential of cocoa as a reliable product to reduce the land conversion.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 72-76 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.13

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The performance of breeders' groups in supporting the increase in the beef cattle population in Barru district, Barru Regency, South Sulawesi Province

Daeva Mubarika Raisa, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Agustina Abdullah, Didi Rukmana, Rahim Darma, Aslina Asnawi

Abstract This study discusses increasing livestock farmer groups, in order to increase groups, increase ability classes, and improve agricultural development in Barru District, Barru District, South Sulawesi Province. The selection of research sites based on data from the Agriculture Department of Barru Regency said that this Subdistrict had a group that had ability classes with a number of beginner groups of 14 groups. The study was conducted from Juni to July 2019.The population of this study were all members of farmer groups in the District of Barru, District of Barru in the ability class of the Beginner group supported by 402 farmers. Determination of the sample is calculated based on the Slovin formula with a sample size of 38 farmers. The results showed an average level of appropriateness between the farmer groups and the Beginner class in Barru District was 40.27, an increase in the support of group capacity development using further IPA analysis of the attributes in the quadrant. Through the IPA analysis it can be seen the CSI results which state the level of member satisfaction is at an interval of 34 percent or 0.34. This value is not maximal or in the category of "dissatisfied" livestock farmers must continue to improve their performance.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 77-82 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.14

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Differences of Participation Rate of Livestock Group Member in Partnering and Non-Partnering with University in Tanete Riaja District Barru Regency

Mirnatul Qinayah, SittiNurani Sirajuddin, Aslina Asnawi, Ahmad Ramadhan Siregar, Mahyuddin, Rahmadanih

Abstract The aims of the research is to know differences participation rate of livestock group member in partnering and non-partnering withHasanuddin Univerity in Tanete Riaja Dsitrict Barru Regency in the development of beef cattle to improve the utilization of existing resources. The study was conducted at October-November 2019 in Tanete Riaja District, Barru Regency. The research location was determined purposively with the consideration that in the area it was the location of beef cattle breeding centers which were managed by Hasanuddin University together with the Regional Government of Barru Regency. Determination of the breeder as sample is purposive by the number of respondents as many as 33 partners farmer and proportional random sampling counted 38 non-partner farmers. This type of research is comparative research. The research data were collected by conducting a survey using a collection technique, namely interviews using a questionnaire. Data analysis is descriptive statistics using a frequency distribution table. The results of the research show that the participation of members of partner farmer / livestock groups is in the high category while non-partners are in medium category.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 83-87 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.15

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Level Of Rice Production And Consumption In Maros Regency, South Sulawesi

Aulia Nurul Hikmah, Laode Asrul, Didi Rukmana, Sitti Bulkis, Mahyuddin, Rahmadanih

Abstract This research aims to describe the development of rice production and consumption in Maros Regency and analyze the factors affecting production in Maros Regency. The research used quantitative and qualitative methods. The sample consisted of 99 farming households. The data collected consisted of secondary and primary data. The secondary data were analyzed using qualitative descriptif and the primary data were analyzed using Cobb Douglass method through SPSS assistance program. The development of rice production in Maros Regency from 2007 to 2018 tended to increase every year with an average growth of 4.1% and a total average production of 192,859.07 tons. The average growth of rice consumption in Maros Regency from 2007 to 2018 was 4.2% with an average annual consumption of 30,903 tons. Factors that influence rice production in Maros Regency are area of land, seeds and fertilizer.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 88-91 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.16

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Government Policy in the Development of Duck Business in Pinrang Regency, South Sulawesi Province

Siti Nurlaelah, Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Nurhapsah, Nurul Magfirah

Abstract This study aimed to determine the policies that need to be done by the Pinrang District Government, South Suslwesi Province to improve the income of duck farmers. This research was conducted in November until December 2018 in Mattiro Sompe Subdistrict, Pirang District using a PAM analysis (policy analysis matrix). The results showed to increase the income of duck farmers in Pinrang Regency, the local government should the development of duck farming in the area, improvement in maintenance of ducks systems from extensive traditional systems and semi-intensive systems to intensive systems and fulfillment of demand for DOD quality.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 92-95 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2019.13.12.17

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