AEB Volume 12, Number 8: August, 2018


Exploration and Selection of White Rot Fungi as Fiber Decomposer in Feed

Jamila Mustabi, Tutik Kuswinanti, Laily Agustina, and Dan Rinduwati

Abstract: The purpose of this research is to explore, isolate and then do the selection to obtain the maximum agent in degrading lignin so as to optimize the utilization of white fungus as fiber decomposers, can improve the availability and quality of feed material from waste as feed for the development of sustainable livestock. The method used is the exploration, isolation, purification and selection of lignolytic fungi. The results obtained from the exploration in Soppeng, Bulukumba and Makassar districts were 23 isolates, 15 isolates of white fungus mushrooms were purified on PDA media, and only 5 white mushroom fungi isolates grew well in the wood powder medium to obtain the fruit body, then identified macroscopic based on morphological features of basidiocarp shape, color and microscopic identification. The conclusion of this research is that there are five isolates of white fungus (Coprinus comatus, Corilopsispolyzene, Lentinustorulosus, Pleurotusostreatus and Trametes versicolor) selected, which produce the best growth diameter on PDA media and the fastest to meet the spray media bottle of wood powder.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 1-6 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.8.1


Characteristics, Opportunities and Challenges of Goat Livestock Business Development InJeneponto RegencySouth Sulawesi Province, Indonesia

Tanri Giling Rasyid, ST. Rohani, Muhammad Aminawar, Muhammad Darwis, Muhammad Erik Kurniawan

Abstract: In Jeneponto Regency, goat livestock is one of the regency leading commodities because it can be cultivated with economies of scale, intensive cultivation systems, natural and human resource potential and supporting local government policies.But it invites the question that why has not made a significant contribution to both farmers and regional development.This study aims to determine the characteristics, opportunities and challenges of developing goat livestock in Jeneponto Regency.The method used is descriptive research. From 11 districts in Jeneponto Regency, 3 districts were selected which had the largest goat population, Tamalatea District (34,828 tails), Bangkala Barat District (23,274 tails), and Bontoramba District (20,713 tails). Research samples from these 3 districts selected 25 people so that all of them were selected by 75 goat farmers.The sampling technique is simple random.Data collection was conducted through interviews, focus group discussions and using a Likert scale on every aspect measured, namely 1 = low, 2 = medium, 3 = high and analyzed descriptively statistically.The results showed that the characteristics of goat livestock business based on forage land, farmers resources, farmers institutions, cultivation as a process subsystem, and the results of cultivation business were in the high category. Opportunities and challenges for the development of goat livestock business show a very bright prospect and have a very important role in the economic growth of the Jeneponto Regency community.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 7-9 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.8.2


The Values of Local Wisdom in the Sharing System between Beef Cattle Farmers and Institutions

Sitti Nurani Sirajuddin, Hastang, Veronica Sri Lestari and Rosmawaty

Abstract: A profit sharing system has been recently established between beef cattle farmers at the Hasanuddin Universityas the affiliate or of the Maiwa Breeding Center (MBC) located in Enrekang Regency, South Sulawesi Province, and Indonesia where the profit-sharing system is based on local wisdom. This study aims to find out the values of local wisdom in the management system of the institutions for cutting and institution with institutions. Research was carried out at the Maiwa Breeding Center in June-July 2014 in the districts of Maiwa, Enrekang Regency, Indonesia. The data used were primary data and secondary data. Methods of collecting data were observations and interviews. Data analysis used was descriptive and was distributed with frequency. The results showed the values of local wisdom in the Maiwa Breeding Center system of mutual trust (56.8%), mutual respect (22.7%) and mutual remind (20, 5%)

[ FULL TEXT PDF 10-12 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.8.3


Fabrication Polyvinyl alcohol - Poly-Acrylic acid/ Niobium Carbide New Bio-Films for Antibacterial Applications

Ahmed Hashim* and Zinah Sattar Hamad

Abstract Films of polyvinyl alcohol - poly-acrylic acid biopolymer blend and biopolymer blend doped with niobium carbide nanoparticles have been prepared by using casting method for antibacterial application. Bionanocomposites were prepared with concentration polyvinyl alcohol (85 wt.%) and poly-acrylic acid (15 wt.%). The niobium carbide nanoparticles were added to biopolymer blend by different concentrations. The (PVA-PAA-NbC) nanocomposites were tested for antibacterial against staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The experimental results showed that the nanocomposites have good activity for antibacterial.

[ FULL TEXT PDF 13-16 ] DOI: 10.22587/aeb.2018.12.8.4


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